Thyroid Cancer - Understanding And Treatment

Thyroid Cancer - Understanding And Treatment

Thyroid diseases, including thyroid cancer, are fairly common in India. Therefore, it helps to build more awareness about the disease, the symptoms, treatment and preventive measures.

What is Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer results in uncontrolled cell mutation in the thyroid gland which makes thyroid hormones. People who have been exposed to a lot of radiation have a greater chance of getting thyroid cancer.

Why Thyroid Cancer is a Threat?

Thyroid diseases are common globally and India is also witnessing a similar situation. According to various estimates, about 42 million people in India suffer from thyroid diseases.

There are five common thyroid diseases in India:

The last one is of particular concern over here given the gravity of the disease.

What is Thyroid?

The thyroid is located at the front of your neck near the base of your throat. It is a butterfly-shaped gland that wraps around the windpipe. The thyroid gland secretes hormones that regulate body functions like the heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, and metabolism.

What Are The Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer usually appears in the form of a lump or nodule in the thyroid gland. For an accurate diagnosis of thyroid cancer, the thyroid cells need to be closely examined through microscopic examination of the thyroid cells found in the nodule (neck lump) or growth. During surgery the nodule or mass can be removed and examined by a pathologist to establish the diagnosis.

What Are The Different Types Of Thyroid Cancer?

How To Treat Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer can be treated with one of the following treatments or in a combination depending on the type and stage of cancer:

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